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[作品发布] 【参考】114加仑的水陆缸建立过程以及植物英文索引

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发表于 2013-10-4 21:33 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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THE STORY(翻译在后面)
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After having aquarium for about one year, I wanted to try another type of vivarium, because plain water wasn’t enough to me. I wanted a river with banks and waterfall as well, so I came to the creation of a new ecosystem called paludarium.8 m! g9 M& `! R4 l
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I selected a definite place in my room and according to its size ordered a custom made tank and table, under which I placed the belongings of or rabbit.' r' \& s* ~  V7 k
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In order this corner of nature looked as natural as possible, I took decorative materials from nature and hided the equipment or left it outside. As the equipping, collecting of decorative materials, acquisition of plants and multiple alteration took a lot of time, it took about 10 months until this system could be concidered as finished.
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The paludarium is set up in a 430 liter fish tank (163 x 66 x 40 cm). There is a natural cork bark background attached inside and above the rear and the right side of the tank. The Paludarium has two land parts - one on the right side and one on the left rear corner.  E$ f/ J" B) F- S
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The land part consists of several layers. The lowest layer is gravel, which covers the whole bottom of the tank and the heating cable, then come the large stones and clay blocks, which are completely under water. The next one is the partly immersed clay ball layer. The top layer consists of house plant soil. Thanks to this kind of layer building technology, the soil is always moist, but not too wet.5 ]# j+ E6 h# H
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The water and the land parts aren’t hermetically separated. On the left side a piece of cork bark is used as a separator that doesn’t cover the whole boundary area, but on the right side there is a stone heap. There are a lot of small gaps between the stones, through which the water flows to the rear right paludarium corner going to external filter’s inflow pipe. The ending of the filter outflow pipe is located at the land part on the left side of the paludarium.1 }5 H8 y) }6 u* q5 ?& e" p" e( j. t
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An additional water flow comes from a water pump hidden on the right side of the water part and used for water pumping up to the dry land, where a small pond is created and decorated with stones, behind which an ultrasonic fogger is hidden. Through a riverbed the water flows in the main water part making a waterfall and through the second, lowest pond making a smaller waterfall. There are also PH controller electrode and a heating cable thermostat electrode hidden near the water pump. Other equipment (external filter, external heater, CO2 system) is placed under the table.0 C5 M: ?. x& ?9 j0 G* l

  q* o% h2 P7 nA lot of hiding places are available for inhabitants – there are many pieces of driftwood in the water, various plants and about 15 cm deep cave in the stone heap. The water part is also decorated with stones of different sizes. All these hideouts are used by the main owners of the paludarium: two dwarf puffers (Carinotetraodon travancoricus) - male and female, who have already managed to spawn here once. Puffers live well with otocinlus catfish and shrimps, who carefully clean up all the remnants (remains of snails and bloodworms) after puffer mealtime. 9 f" I! m; N: F2 p
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There are no inhabitants on the land part, excluding earthworms, snails and other small creatures brought from forest together with mosses. Sometimes my canary bird came here on a visit, he enjoyed the water moisture and the warmth coming from the lamps, as well as dabbling in the river. Unfortunately, he is no longer with us." T) y' Q9 L& W$ g$ P6 N
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The main part of the dry land cover creepers, which have climbed over the whole territory of the paludarium – dry land, cork bark walls, branches and all the other places they can reach. For example, Ficus pumila has crept out of the paludarium and climbed about one meter up the room wall. There are also plants growing in soil and those, which grow in a place containing only clay balls and pine bark layer with a poor mix of soil (vanilla orchid), and epiphytes, which I keep attached to the cork bark (tillandsies, phaelonopsis, dendrobium). Aquarium plants, which are growing on a dry land or immersed, for example, three Hydrocotile species, Christmas moss, riccia, anubiases are also interesting.
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( a  J' L4 w9 `* U8 r# _( ?All the plants are lightened from the top for ten hours a day by JBL Solar 4 Star 4x80W lighting system hanging between willow branches and modified for use with two timers. At first, there are shining two lamps, then four and before the light turns off again - two. The strong lighting allows to grow not only terrestrial plants, but also demanding aquarium plants, for example, Hemianthus callitrichoides "Cuba", Pogostemon helferi etc.
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Of course, due to the strong lighting, a proper fertilizing and a CO2 injection is necessary. I am using a pressurized CO2 with external reactor. The CO2 injection is controlled by a PH controller, keeping PH level at 6,90. I am fertilizing my plants daily with JBL Ferropol, KNO3 and H2PO4. Every weekend before the water change (about 40% per week) I am taking tests (Fe, NO3, PO4) and, depending on the results, I am planning a dosage for the next week. There are also fertilizers in the aquarium substrate - JBL Florapol and JBL Balls. For water changes I am using tap water mixed with reverse osmosis water in a 1:1 ratio.
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8 U9 z+ E$ A! g3 ^7 F8 R. ?: i5 AI ordered a custom made tank and table, under which I placed the belongings of or rabbit* K: z6 j, B9 @' i- D
这个故事( x' f- n1 F! S: P" p
经过了大约一年的水族馆,我想尝试另一种类型的动物园,因为白开水不足以我。我想要一个河与银行和瀑布,所以我来创建一个新的名为paludarium生态系统。
& z5 c) e& W1 N8 c( K( W" `2 z我选择一个明确的地方在我的房间,根据其大小命令一个定制的坦克和表下,我把财产或兔。
' b1 k8 H  Y3 v在订单的这个角落自然看上去尽量自然,我带装饰材料从性质和藏设备或离开它外面。随着装备,收集的装饰材料,采集的植物和多种蚀变花了很多时间,大约花了10个月,直到这个系统可以concidered作为结束。8 t$ U- P" X, |$ k
这个paludarium成立于430公升鱼缸(163 x 66 x 40厘米)。 有一个天然的软木树皮内附以上背景后,右边的坦克。有两个零件的Paludarium土地——一个在右边,一个在左后角。
, u0 M6 \. ^3 ]; V: E  H/ m' u土地部分包括多个层。最低层是砾石,覆盖整个底部的槽和加热电缆,然后来大石块和粘土块,这是完全在水中。下一个部分浸入粘土球层。顶层由房子植物土壤。由于这种层建筑技术、土壤总是潮湿,但不能太湿。
- n9 U8 z- w; m8 p. L水和陆地部分不密封地分开。左边一块软木树皮被用作分隔符,不能覆盖整个边界区域,但是在右侧有一个石头堆。有很多小石头之间的差距,通过水流向后方对paludarium角落去外部滤波器的流入管。这个结局的过滤器流出管位于陆地部分左边的paludarium。
6 f7 E: W0 ]5 ~3 u8 m一个额外的水流来自一个水泵隐藏右侧的水部分和用于水; @8 i6 u- y0 }' X: m4 L
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 楼主| 发表于 2013-10-4 21:35 | 显示全部楼层
1 - Adiantum capillus-veneris 2 - Anubias barteri var. barteri 3 - Anubias barteri var. caladiifolia 4 - Anubias barteri var. nana 5 - Anubias barteri var. nana "Petite" 6 - Bacopa caroliniana 7 - Blyxa japonica 8 - Cryptocoryne wendtii "brown" 9 - Cryptocoryne wendtii "green" 10 - Cyclamen persicum 11 - Dendrobium kingianum 12 - Ficus ginseng 13 - Ficus pumila 14 - Fittonia verschaffeltii 15 - Hedera helix 16 - Hemianthus callitrichoides "Cuba" 17 - Hemianthus micranthemoides 18 - Hydrocotile leucocephala 19 - Hydrocotile verticillata 20 - Lemna minor 21 - Marsilea hirsuta 22 - Microsorum pteropus 23 - Phalaenopsis mini 24 - Philodendron scandens oxycardium 25 - Pogostemon helferi 26 - Riccia fluitans 27 - Soleirolia soleirolii 28 - Staurogyne sp. 29 - Tillandsia butzii 30 - Tillandsia ionantha albertiana 31 - Tillandsia ionantha clumb 32 - Tillandsia sp. 33 - Tortula ruralis 34 - Vanilla planifolia 35 - Vesicularia montagnei
发表于 2013-10-4 22:11 | 显示全部楼层
不错,2011年的水陆缸冠军作品
# |, y0 a' f3 c" }2 j7 |; H喜欢这种开放式造景,薛荔长到墙上去了! |# K( U3 k% Y
不过植物品种太过于普通了,没挑战性
 楼主| 发表于 2013-10-4 22:26 | 显示全部楼层
曾经迎风尿十丈 发表于 2013-10-4 22:11
) ?+ u* E5 G1 s8 |$ }+ [1 x不错,2011年的水陆缸冠军作品
0 C( ], B3 S& {$ |# k) U喜欢这种开放式造景,薛荔长到墙上去了
# P7 d2 _5 e  V6 v0 q) c' Z不过植物品种太过于普通了,没挑战性 ...
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额 。。其实 我不是很喜欢什么都往稀有去靠  能养好 是实力没错  把普通的种好了也是一种乐趣吧。我缸里的植物都极其普通  但是我很喜欢 难度虽然不大 却也是每天要做的维护。。这个缸虽然都是很简单皮实的品种 但是最后的效果确实十分的漂亮呀~!O(∩_∩)O~{:5_171:}
发表于 2013-10-5 00:34 | 显示全部楼层
吐槽下翻译,不必英文好懂啊。。。
发表于 2013-10-5 02:48 | 显示全部楼层
这个缸的尺寸不错,我也有一口比例相同的。这个缸的架子真是不错,实用还挺好看。下面养兔子。。。空间真是一点都不浪费。8 m$ j0 R4 A& [0 f9 K  ^6 Y
这缸里的植物强健品种太多了,翻缸应该会很快。+ q& k% k' n. q* L+ r
感谢楼主分享好帖子,我也蛮喜欢开放缸的。
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 楼主| 发表于 2013-10-5 10:45 | 显示全部楼层
drlpk2008 发表于 2013-10-5 00:34
, H, t$ O" o, }& L5 X吐槽下翻译,不必英文好懂啊。。。
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有道直接出来的  。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。
发表于 2013-10-5 13:12 | 显示全部楼层
到了后来确实和皮哦两
发表于 2013-10-6 21:22 | 显示全部楼层
既然这个是2011的一等奖,有没有历年的得奖作品能欣赏下吗?
发表于 2013-10-6 21:38 | 显示全部楼层
这个缸是AGA得奖的作品,我曾经评论过,作者对植物特性把握的不是很好(后来也一直没有看到这个缸的更新),一些植物是无法在这样的缸里正常生长的---比如下图里 Cyclamen persicum园艺种5 i% w" C" O) R" w1 U6 Y5 e& G

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1 (2).jpg
 楼主| 发表于 2013-10-6 22:30 | 显示全部楼层
风骑士 发表于 2013-10-6 21:38) N+ B0 k. O3 A2 }+ ^4 C
这个缸是AGA得奖的作品,我曾经评论过,作者对植物特性把握的不是很好(后来也一直没有看到这个缸的更新) ...
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确实 我刚刚也去翻了他的帖子  确实一直没有消息了  我最近翻出去看了蛮多建缸贴的 貌似大家对于植物的选择和放置位置(国外也是)都没有细致的考究 可能就是主要植物考虑了下 。。。。也或者说动物状态大家更容易把握。植物的很多不良状态显现很缓慢,极容易被忽略。而且对于正真良好的状态是什么样子,原生地是什么样子,很多人都不知道。也没有相应的普及的图鉴。大家可能还是停留在造景(盆景、花园等)认知。热带植物大家认识的时间还是太短了。可能还不习惯去欣赏原生的美 ,觉得要寓意和讲究(比如ADA)。。。最后就。。。哎
发表于 2013-10-7 14:54 | 显示全部楼层
机器翻译的?paludarium译为沼泽缸即可。
 楼主| 发表于 2013-10-7 16:26 | 显示全部楼层
航海家 发表于 2013-10-7 14:54% e$ ^# X. B8 S
机器翻译的?paludarium译为沼泽缸即可。
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万能的有道 你懂得
发表于 2017-6-4 23:47 | 显示全部楼层
学习中····
发表于 2019-1-7 23:30 | 显示全部楼层
横版很美
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